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[教程] 10款浏览器CSS Reset的方法

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发表于 2008-12-2 10:17:21 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
原文:http://www.happinesz.cn/archives/736/
知道CSS Reset是什么吗?通常情况下,它也被写成Reset CSS,即重设浏览器的样式。在各种浏览器中,都会对CSS的选择器默认一些数值,譬如当h1没有被设置数值时,显示一定大小。但并不是所有的浏览器都使用一样的数值,所以,有了CSS Reset,以让网页的样式在各浏览器中表现一致。

正在使用CSS的你,用过CSS Reset吗?当然,或许你用了,却不知道正在用,比如你可能用到:

* { padding: 0; margin: 0; border: 0; }

这也是一款CSS Reset的方法,让所有的选择器的padding、margin和border都设置成0。这是一种强大的方法,也是最简单,最安全的方法,不过,也是最占用资源的方法。对于小型的网站来说,用这个并不会带来大的资源浪费,但如果是像Yahoo这种架构非常大的网站,刚需要有选择地进行CSS重设,以减少资源浪费。下面是Yahoo的CSS重设代码,也是受最多人喜爱的CSS Reset方法,YUI选择的方法是:


body,div,dl,dt,dd,ul,ol,li,h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6,pre,
form,fieldset,input,textarea,p,blockquote,th,td {
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
}
table {
border-collapse: collapse;
border-spacing: 0;
}
fieldset,img {
border: 0;
}
address,caption,cite,code,dfn,em,strong,th,var {
font-weight: normal;
font-style: normal;
}
ol,ul {
list-style: none;
}
caption,th {
text-align: left;
}
h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6 {
font-weight: normal;
font-size: 100%;
}
q:before,q:after {
content:”;
}
abbr,acronym { border: 0;
}

OK,相信你也已经了解了CSS重设的目的,或许你也可以根据自己的喜好,写一个自己的CSS重设系统,毕竟大家的需求和习惯的不同的。而你可以参照下面的几款:

Ateneu Popular CSS Resethtml, body, div, span, applet, object, iframe, h1, h2, h3,
h4, h5, h6, p, blockquote, pre, a, abbr, acronym,
address, big, cite, code, del, dfn, em, font, img, ins,
kbd, q, s, samp, small, strike, strong, sub, sup, tt,
var, dl, dt, dd, ol, ul, li, fieldset, form, label, legend,
table, caption, tbody, tfoot, thead, tr, th, td {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
border: 0;
outline: 0;
font-weight: inherit;
font-style: inherit;
font-size: 100%;
font-family: inherit;
vertical-align: baseline;
}
:focus { outline: 0;}
a, a:link, a:visited, a:hover, a:active{text-decoration:none}
table { border-collapse: separate;border-spacing: 0;}
th, td {text-align: left; font-weight: normal;}
img, iframe {border: none; text-decoration:none;}
ol, ul {list-style: none;}
input, textarea, select, button {font-size: 100%;font-family: inherit;}
select {margin: inherit;}
hr {margin: 0;padding: 0;border: 0;color: #000;background-color: #000;height: 1px}


Chris Poteet’s Reset CSS
* {
vertical-align: baseline;
font-family: inherit;
font-style: inherit;
font-size: 100%;
border: none;
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
}
body {
padding: 5px;
}
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, pre, blockquote, form, ul, ol, dl {
margin: 20px 0;
}
li, dd, blockquote {
margin-left: 40px;
}
table {
border-collapse: collapse;
border-spacing: 0;
}


Eric Meyer Reset CSS
html, body, div, span, applet, object, iframe, table, caption,
tbody, tfoot, thead, tr, th, td, del, dfn, em, font, img, ins,
kbd, q, s, samp, small, strike, strong, sub, sup, tt, var,
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, blockquote, pre, a, abbr,
acronym, address, big, cite, code, dl, dt, dd, ol, ul, li,
fieldset, form, label, legend {
vertical-align: baseline;
font-family: inherit;
font-weight: inherit;
font-style: inherit;
font-size: 100%;
outline: 0;
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
border: 0;
}
:focus {
outline: 0;
}
body {
background: white;
line-height: 1;
color: black;
}
ol, ul {
list-style: none;
}
table {
border-collapse: separate;
border-spacing: 0;
}
caption, th, td {
font-weight: normal;
text-align: left;
}
blockquote:before, blockquote:after, q:before, q:after {
content: "";
}
blockquote, q {
quotes: "" "";
}

Tantek Celik Reset CSS
:link,:visited { text-decoration:none }
ul,ol { list-style:none }
h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6,pre,code { font-size:1em; }
ul,ol,li,h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6,pre,form,body,html,p,blockquote,fieldset,input
{ margin:0; padding:0 }
a img,:link img,:visited img { border:none }
address { font-style:normal }

Christian Montoya Reset CSS
html, body, form, fieldset {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
font: 100%/120% Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
}
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, pre,
blockquote, ul, ol, dl, address {
margin: 1em 0;
padding: 0;
}
li, dd, blockquote {
margin-left: 1em;
}
form label {
cursor: pointer;
}
fieldset {
border: none;
}
input, select, textarea {
font-size: 100%;
font-family: inherit;
}

Rudeworks Reset CSS
* {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
border: none;
}
html {
font: 62.5% "Lucida Grande", Lucida, Verdana, sans-serif;
text-shadow: #000 0px 0px 0px;
}
ul {
list-style: none;
list-style-type: none;
}
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, pre,
blockquote, ul, ol, dl, address {
font-weight: normal;
margin: 0 0 1em 0;
}
cite, em, dfn {
font-style: italic;
}
sup {
position: relative;
bottom: 0.3em;
vertical-align: baseline;
}
sub {
position: relative;
bottom: -0.2em;
vertical-align: baseline;
}
li, dd, blockquote {
margin-left: 1em;
}
code, kbd, samp, pre, tt, var, input[type='text'], textarea {
font-size: 100%;
font-family: monaco, "Lucida Console", courier, mono-space;
}
del {
text-decoration: line-through;
}
ins, dfn {
border-bottom: 1px solid #ccc;
}
small, sup, sub {
font-size: 85%;
}
abbr, acronym {
text-transform: uppercase;
font-size: 85%;
letter-spacing: .1em;
border-bottom-style: dotted;
border-bottom-width: 1px;
}
a abbr, a acronym {
border: none;
}
sup {
vertical-align: super;
}
sub {
vertical-align: sub;
}
h1 {
font-size: 2em;
}
h2 {
font-size: 1.8em;
}
h3 {
font-size: 1.6em;
}
h4 {
font-size: 1.4em;
}
h5 {
font-size: 1.2em;
}
h6 {
font-size: 1em;
}
a, a:link, a:visited, a:hover, a:active {
outline: 0;
text-decoration: none;
}
a img {
border: none;
text-decoration: none;
}
img {
border: none;
text-decoration: none;
}
label, button {
cursor: pointer;
}
input:focus, select:focus, textarea:focus {
background-color: #FFF;
}
fieldset {
border: none;
}
.clear {
clear: both;
}
.float-left {
float: left;
}
.float-right {
float: right;
}
body {
text-align: center;
}
#wrapper {
margin: 0 auto;
text-align: left;
}

Anieto2K Reset CSS
html, body, div, span, applet, object, iframe,
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p,
blockquote, pre, a, abbr, acronym, address, big,
cite, code, del, dfn, em, font, img,
ins, kbd, q, s, samp, small, strike,
strong, sub, sup, tt, var, dl, dt, dd, ol, ul, li,
fieldset, form, label, legend,
table, caption, tbody, tfoot, thead, tr, th, td,
center, u, b, i {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
border: 0;
outline: 0;
font-weight: normal;
font-style: normal;
font-size: 100%;
font-family: inherit;
vertical-align: baseline
}
body {
line-height: 1
}
:focus {
outline: 0
}
ol, ul {
list-style: none
}
table {
border-collapse: collapse;
border-spacing: 0
}
blockquote:before, blockquote:after, q:before, q:after {
content: ""
}
blockquote, q {
quotes: "" ""
}
input, textarea {
margin: 0;
padding: 0
}
hr {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
border: 0;
color: #000;
background-color: #000;
height: 1px
}

CSSLab CSS Reset
html, body, div, span, applet, object, iframe, h1, h2, h3,
h4, h5, h6, p, blockquote, pre, a, abbr, acronym, address,
big, cite, code, del, dfn, em, font, img, ins, kbd, q, s, samp,
small, strike, strong, sub, sup, tt, var, dl, dt, dd, ol, ul, li,
fieldset, form, label, legend, table, caption, tbody, tfoot,
thead, tr, th, td {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
border: 0;
outline: 0;
font-weight: inherit;
font-style: inherit;
font-size: 100%;
font-family: inherit;
vertical-align: baseline;
}
:focus {
outline: 0;
}
table {
border-collapse: separate;
border-spacing: 0;
}
caption, th, td {
text-align: left;
font-weight: normal;
}
a img, iframe {
border: none;
}
ol, ul {
list-style: none;
}
input, textarea, select, button {
font-size: 100%;
font-family: inherit;
}
select {
margin: inherit;
}
/* Fixes incorrect placement of numbers in ol’s in IE6/7 */
ol { margin-left:2em; }
/* == clearfix == */
.clearfix:after {
content: ".";
display: block;
height: 0;
clear: both;
visibility: hidden;
}
.clearfix {display: inline-block;}
* html .clearfix {height: 1%;}
.clearfix {display: block;}

像你看到的,这些都大同小异,需求不同,方法也就不同。我自己偏向于喜欢Yahoo的CSS Reset,也用了Yahoo的代码。你,有自己的CSS Reset体系吗?或许可以分享出来!

CSS Reset 代码来源:10 Técnicas para Reset CSS

[[i] 本帖最后由 fenseyidu 于 2008-12-2 10:19 编辑 ]
发表于 2008-12-2 10:30:09 | 显示全部楼层
原来 还有这么多不常用的xhtml标签啊!!

applet, object, iframe,blockquote, pre, abbr, acronym, address,big, cite, code, del, dfn, em, font, img, ins, kbd, q, s, samp, small, strike, sub, sup, tt, var, fieldset, form, label, legend, caption, thead
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发表于 2008-12-2 17:22:56 | 显示全部楼层
我只想知道哪10款浏览器
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发表于 2009-5-20 12:49:04 | 显示全部楼层
提醒:最后回贴距现在 169 天,请不要无意义回复
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发表于 2009-5-20 12:55:48 | 显示全部楼层
提醒:最后回贴距现在 170 天,请不要无意义回复
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